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What Are The Usual Terms And Conditions Of Probation?

What Are The Usual Terms And Conditions Of Probation?

Ray Hrdlicka – Host – Attorneys.Media

“What are the usual terms and conditions of probation, and that’s the usual terms and conditions, but then what are some of the extreme or unusual terms and conditions that you’ve had experience with?”

Andrew Dósa – Criminal Defense Attorney – Alameda County, CA

“Well, the most typical are being of good conduct, first. The second, obeying all laws. Or some, like a DUI client, there may be a requirement that they not go to an establishment whose sole business is the serving of alcohol.”

Ray Hrdlicka – Host – Attorneys.Media

“It’s like a restraining order against them, which restricts them from going to a bar.”

Andrew Dósa – Criminal Defense Attorney – Alameda County, CA

“Correct. And for some, it is that you cannot drink.”

Ray Hrdlicka – Host – Attorneys.Media

“That extreme?”

Andrew Dósa – Criminal Defense Attorney – Alameda County, CA


Ray Hrdlicka – Host – Attorneys.Media


Andrew Dósa – Criminal Defense Attorney – Alameda County, CA

“Yes. There are now, certain types of monitoring programs akin to the bracelet, the electronic monitoring bracelet, that can do, can theoretically detect alcohol in somebody’s system. Which is an extraordinary intrusion. But if the person can’t drink at all, and the person then drinks, and drinks too much, and then gets in a car, then you understand why that requirement would be there. Another common condition of probation for DUI’s is the ignition interlock device. Police will sometimes know to check in the parking lot of drinking establishments to see if any cars are left running, because people would pull up to the bar, and leave the car running so they wouldn’t have to push the interlock device. They go in, get a hit, come back out and drive away. So that’s pretty typical.

There are also specific stay-away orders. For theft cases, they are often required to stay away from the place where there was a theft. If there was a domestic violence, or a civil harassment or another type of conflict scenario, the court will almost always require a stay-away from a particular individual, and usually about a hundred yards away.”

If you’ve been charged with a crime, one of the things that you should think of is what type of defenses are available to you. There are different types of legal defenses available in criminal law, and the type of criminal defense applicable to you and your case will depend on your situation.

Criminal defense law consists of all the legal protections given to individuals who have been accused of committing a crime. In criminal court, the prosecutor must meet the burden of proof – that is, the responsibility of proving their allegations against the accused.

The police and prosecutors have plenty of resources at their disposal to go after someone and charge them with a crime. To balance the power within the justice system, certain protections are in place for the accused. These, and the skills and experience of a defense attorney will dictate how a defendant will be treated in criminal litigation.

An experienced criminal defense attorney knows how to use constitutional laws for the benefit of their client. For instance, criminal prosecution is based upon the evidence gathered by law enforcers. This evidence can be in the form of physical evidence. This will usually consist of objects found in a crime scene, like a possible weapon, tire marks, shoe print, or even tiny pieces of fabric.

Common Defenses in a Criminal Case

There are many common defenses to criminal charges. You may argue that there are inconsistencies in the prosecution’s case against you, that the evidence gathered violated your constitutional rights, or that you had a justifiable reason for committing the crime. Below are some common primary criminal law defenses.


The defendant didn’t commit the crime you were charged for. The defense can provide an alibi proving you weren’t at the scene when the crime occurred, or present evidence and witnesses that can counter the prosecution’s case.


The defendant admits to using force. However, the defense argues that it’s justified since it was done in self-defense due to the violent and threatening actions of the other party.

Insanity Defense

The defendant may plead insanity to avoid being punished, since a criminal punishment is only justified if the offender has full control over their actions and understand that what they did was wrong.

Under Influence

In certain circumstances, a defendant may commit crimes under the influence of alcohol and drugs. This can be used as a criminal defense as if it affects the defendant’s mental functioning to the point where they cannot be held accountable for their actions.


If law enforcement officers caused the defendant to commit a crime that they wouldn’t have otherwise committed, then it’s considered entrapment and be used as a defense in criminal court.


Claiming innocence is one of the most basic defenses to criminal liability. You must remember that the prosecution has to prove the crime filed against you beyond a reasonable doubt. If you’re innocent, you don’t have to prove anything, but you can provide documents, testimonies, or evidence that will support the claim that you’re innocent.

Constitutional Violation

A constitutional violation is a type of criminal defense used if the evidence collected by the prosecution was gathered in a manner that violated your constitutional rights. This can include the illegal search, entry, or seizure of your house, car, clothing, etc. Failing to obtain an entry warrant, getting an improper confession, or failing to read to you your “Miranda Rights” at the time of your arrest are also constitutional violations that could lead to suppression of evidence against you or the total dismissal of the case.

Defense of Others

Similar to self-defense, you can use this type of defense if you have used a justifiable amount of force or violence to protect others who are being threatened or are in danger.

Other types of criminal defenses include defense of property, necessity, involuntary/voluntary intoxication, mistake of law, coercion, abandonment, and the statute of limitations.

If you’re accused a crime in California, it can be difficult to know where to start. That’s why you need an experienced defense attorney on your side when you face your charges. With over 20 years of experience successfully defending clients in California, Andrew Dósa understands the unique challenges of criminal defense in Alameda, CA and other areas in California.

Contact Attorney:

Phone: 510-241-4165
Andrew Alexander Dósa is a trial attorney with more than 36 years of experience in civil/business litigation, criminal defense, personal injury claims, and estate planning.


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